We tackle the toughest issues
in our value chain, reduce our
environmental footprint and
promote the long-term
sustainability of natural capital.
IP Brazil’s business is a major energy consumer, but most of it is internally produced in its mills, without
overloading the cities’ electricity supply.
In addition, IP produces clean energy, with more than 92% of renewable origin, mainly based on the burning of biomass, eucalyptus. That energy is distributed between electricity, liquor, biomass and steam. The remaining 8% is the share of non-renewable energy, generated from fuel oil, natural gas, and diesel.
In 2017, the energy consumption of IP Brazil was approximately 42 million GJ. The comparison of energy consumption between 2016 shows a 3.4% increase.
IP Brazil seeks to reduce energy consumption and make its energy matrix increasingly more based on renewable energy. In 2017, the company was able to reduce its consumption of fuel oil by 10%. The improved energy efficiency is also one of the 2020 global sustainability goals, aiming at a 15% increase.
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In 2017, IP Brazil emitted more than 3 million tCO2 (including biogenic sources), 97.5% of which refers to direct emissions (Scope 1) and 2.5% to indirect emissions (Scope 2). Due to the high energy demand for the company’s production process, it is necessary to burn biomass and fossil fuels in its facilities, transforming thermal energy into several other types. That burn generates CO2 emissions, which are measured and controlled.
In addition, the forests at IP capture CO2 coming from the atmosphere, balancing the volume emitted by the company’s operations. The comparison between the emissions from 2016 and 2017 shows that the company’s total GHG emissions increased by 3.2%. Such increase is directly related to the increase in energy consumption.
The atmospheric emissions showed a slight variation, noting a reduction of 8% and 2% in NOx and SOx emissions respectively (from 2016 to 2017). Emissions of particulate matter remained stable and unchanged.
As a way of managing its emissions, IP Brazil maintains strict control over its processes, promoting sampling campaigns of the gases emitted and acting in accordance with the legislation. In the search for constant improvements to mitigate impacts and increase renewable energy consumption, IP has developed projects in its production units.
The company’s global goals for 2020 consider reduction of air emissions and GHG emissions, and there are global efforts to reduce releases to the atmosphere.
In this report, the abiogenic and biogenic sources of greenhouse gases were reported. The calculation was done according to the conversion factors of the National Council for Air and Stream Improvement (NCASI) and GHG Protocol for the fuels used in the activities. The gases included in the calculation are methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide.
TOTAL ATMOSPHERIC EMISSIONS (TON/YEAR)
The amounts do not include emissions from vehicles and agricultural machinery of the forestry unit.
Verification of SOx, NOx and particulate matter is done according to the local legislation requirement, by sampling chimneys. The contracted companies have the necessary accreditation and certification, following the methodology described in the collection reports.
WATER & EFFLUENTS
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The water used by IP Brazil facilities is mostly surface water. It is taken from Mogi Guaçu River to the facilities of Mogi Guaçu and Luiz Antônio; from Paraná River to the facility of Três Lagoas; from Atibaia River to the facility of Paulínia; from Abreus Stream to the facility of Franco da Rocha; from Taquari-Guaçu River to Nova Campina mill; and Cristalino Aquifer to the forestry unit. Collection is always carried out respecting the grants issued by the competent governmental bodies. The facilities of Manaus, Suzano and Rio Verde use water from artesian wells.
The rivers supplying the company’s facilities are not considered sensitive and are not located in protected areas. IP does not use water from wetlands listed by the Ramsar Convention. It is also important to state that the water collection for the company’s production processes does not affect indigenous people or local communities.
IP establishes internal goals for water consumption in its processes, always seeking new technologies to reduce it. At many points in the process, such as in paper machines, water is used in a closed circuit, which increases reuse and minimizes losses. In 2017, the company used about 58 million cubic meters of water, a 2.5% drop compared to the previous year.
IP’s businesses use water intensively, but not in consumption, since after the manufacturing process, approximately 91% of the volume is returned to the water bodies as effluents treated in UFS facilities, and 90% in packaging units. The closest attention given to the use of such resource is in the impact of multiple use with communities close to our facilities and the quality of effluents discharged.
At IP, the effluents from all its facilities are submitted, prior to disposal, to biological treatment with active sludge; in some facilities, it is previously treated by the physico-chemical method. Thus, the company resorts to the most used process currently to purify sanitary and industrial effluents contaminated by organic load and nitrogenous waste, with a high efficiency rate. After treatment, effluents are discharged into the receiving water body of each facility.
MATERIALS & WASTE
According to the National Solid Waste Policy (Law 12,305/10), industrial processes must prioritize the reduction of solid waste generation and are obliged to maximize the destination of that waste to recycling and/or reusing processes, where only refuses must be destined for industrial landfills and/or incineration. Regardless of the requirements of such law, IP facilities always seek good practices to reduce the emission of waste in its processes, reusing whatever is possible.
In 2017, 133.700 tons of waste were generated (considering hazardous and non-hazardous solid waste), of which 85% were internally composted and reused as fertilizers and soil corrective treatment in its eucalyptus forests, 13% were destined for recycling and only 0.5% of that waste was destined for landfills and incineration.
Comparing data from 2017 and 2016, there is a 4.4% increase in the generation of hazardous solid waste, a fact justified by the general maintenance of the Mogi Guaçu pulp mill, and by the renovation in the facilities of Paulínia and Suzano. However, of the total volume generated, only 63 kg were destined for incineration and the other 418 kg were destined to be reused as base matter for the lubricant industry, as fuel for cement industries, for example.
Waste destined for landfills was reduced by around 95%, while waste destined for recycling had a 34% increase. Positive data is due to IP’s investment in awareness programs for its employees and in reusing paper in the production process of brown paper and packaging.
IP also believes that Environmental Education is a great ally for achieving the guidelines of the National Solid Waste Policy; as a result, in 2017, in partnership with private companies from other sectors, it implemented a pilot project on selective collection in a municipal school in the city of Mogi Guaçu. That project contemplated the creation of a recycling center, training for teachers,
competition, and theater play for students. It lasted approximately 40 days, involving 900 students and 35 teachers. In 2018, it will be expanded to 4 other schools in the city of Mogi Guaçu.
See below solid waste management numbers of International Paper do Brasil:
Through a partnership with some private companies from other sectors, in 2017, a pilot project focused on selective collection was implemented in a municipal school in the city of Mogi Guaçu (SP). The project lasted approximately 40 days and involved 900 students and 35 teachers. The initiative has brought positive results, such as:
Creation of a recycling center in the school;
Training for teachers on environmental education;
Competition for students on selective collection;
Theater play reinforcing the importance of the subject.
In 2018, the Recycling Project will be expanded to four other schools in the Mogi Guaçu region.